Vestnik KRAUNC. Fiz.-Mat. Nauki. 2022. vol. 38. no. 1. pp. 147–165. ISSN 2079-6641

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MSC 8605

Research Article

Modeling of radionuclide intake in humans living in the area affected by the Semipalatinsk test site

E. V. Romanenko¹, M. A. Umarov¹, G. A. Yakovlev²

¹Branch «Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology» of RSE «NNC RK», 071100, Kazakhstan, Kurchatov, st. Beybit atom, 2
²Tomsk State University, 634050, Russia, Tomsk, Lenina ave., 36


In this study, Bodene village in Beskaragai district of East Kazakhstan Oblast of Kazakhstan was chosen as an object of study because it is close to the site of the nuclear test site and has a large accumulated array of data on the radioecological situation. As part of the study, a questionnaire survey was conducted, which made it possible to compile statistics on the population of the village, as well as on the characteristics of the diet and activities of long-term residents. The work included modeling of technogenic radionuclide intake into a human organism living and carrying out agricultural activity on the territory affected by the Semipalatinsk test site. Calculations are given for intake of radionuclides with plant and animal food, as well as by inhalation. These studies allow to make an assessment and forecast of radiation burden. At the same time it is important to note that no exceedances of
radiation norms have been detected. Contaminated food is the main risk factor for human health, therefore more attention should be paid to monitoring of radiation burden in radioecologically unfavorable areas. The methodology of the study can also be used to control the situation of other settlements, and the results of calculations of this work, in the future, can be used for comparison with the results of biophysical measurements.

Key words: technogenic radionuclides, STS, testing, intake, transfer coefficients, crop products, livestock products.

DOI: 10.26117/2079-6641-2022-38-1-147-165

Original article submitted: 04.04.2022

Revision submitted: 20.04.2022

For citation. Romanenko E. V., Umarov M. A., Yakovlev G. A. Modeling of radionuclide intake in humans living in the area affected by the Semipalatinsk test site. Vestnik KRAUNC. Fiz.-mat. nauki. 2022, 38: 1, 147-165. DOI: 10.26117/2079-6641-2022-38-1-147-165

Competing interests. The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding authorship and publication.

Contribution and Responsibility. All authors contributed to this article. Authors are solely responsible for providing the final version of the article in print. The final version of the manuscript was approved by all authors.

The content is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (

© Romanenko E. V., Umarov M. A., Yakovlev G. A., 2022


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Romanenko Ekaterina Viktorovna – Category 2 Engineer, Laboratory of Nuclear and Physical Methods of Analysis «Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology, RSE NNC RK, Kurchatov, Kazakhstan, ORCID 0000-0003-2560-302X

Umarov Murat Alpyspayevich – Ph. D. (Chemical Sciences), Head of Analytical Research Department, Branch of «Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology, RSE NNC RK, Kurchatov, Kazakhstan, ORCID 0000-0002-4817-1242.

Yakovlev Grigorii Alekseevich – student at Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, ORCID 0000-0001-7842-5672.

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