Vestnik КRAUNC. Fiz.-Mat. Nauki. 2023. vol. 42. no. 1. P. 223-238. ISSN 2079-6641
Experience in the Application of Non-Invasive Geophysical Methods in Solving Problems of Archeology
I. R. Yanbukhtin^*, A. Sh. Zakirov^*
Center for Advanced Technologies under the Ministry of Innovative Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan 100174, Tashkent, Talabalar Shaharchasi 3A.
Abstract. To date, in world practice, the use of non-invasive geophysical methods in solving archaeological problems is an integral part of the work at the initial stage of research. In the article the experience of using near-surface geophysics on different archaeological sites of Namangan, Djizak and Surkhandarya regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan is considered. The aim of the work was to study ancient burials of kurgan type, to identify cultural layer at the sites of ancient people standing and to study constructions and objects of vital activity of the Kushan period sites in the territory of Northern Bactria. Researches were carried out by the laboratory “Geophysics and nanomineralogy”of the Center of Advanced Technologies by a complex of geophysical methods including magnetic surveying, georadiolocation surveying and electrotomography (ET). The magnetic survey was carried out using Geometrics 856AX proton magnetometers (USA), with a distance of 50 cm between the sensors, so the step between the measurement points and the profiles was 50 cm. GPR measurements were carried out with a PulseEKKO PRO georadar of Sensors&Software company (Canada) using a grid profile system with a step between profiles of 1 m and an antenna with a central frequency of 100 MHz. During the electrical prospecting measurements by ET method a 72-electrode M.A.E. georesistivity meter was used. X-612EM (Italy) was used with different formations taking into account depth and size of the investigation object. Application of geophysical methods allows to determine different archaeological objects in accordance with the physical field under study, thereby the combination of methods makes it possible to obtain object-directed information, while not violating the integrity of the objects under study. As a result of processing and interpretation of field material were obtained maps, diagrams, sections and depth sections on geophysical data within the investigated sites with the allocation of anomalies that may be associated with archaeological objects. The results of the excavations, confirm the reliability of the research.
Key words: archeology, ground penetrating radar, electrical prospecting, magnetic prospecting.
Received: 20.02.2023; Revised: 26.03.2023; Accepted: 10.04.2023; First online: 17.04.2023
For citation. Yanbukhtin I. R., Zakirov A. Sh. Experience in the application of non-invasive geophysical methods in solving problems of archeology. Vestnik KRAUNC. Fiz.-mat. nauki. 2023, 42: 1, 223-238. EDN: GUDNJO. https://doi.org/10.26117/2079-6641-2023-42-1-223-238.
Funding. The article was made within the framework of the applied grant ALM-202109013 of the Ministry of Innovative Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Competing interests. There are no conflicts of interest regarding authorship and publication.
Contribution and Responsibility. All authors contributed to this article. Authors are solely responsible for providing
the final version of the article in print. The final version of the manuscript was approved by all authors.
^*Correspondence: E-mail: email@example.com
The content is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
© Yanbukhtin I. R., Zakirov A. Sh., 2023
© Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation, 2023 (original layout, design, compilation)
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Information about authors
Yanbukhtin Ilyas Rustamovich – PhD (Gelog. & Min.), Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Geophysics and Nanomineralogy of the Center for Advanced Technologies under the Ministry of Innovative Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0019-9702
Zakirov Azamat Shukhratovich – PhD (Tech.), Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Geophysics and Nanomineralogy of the Center for Advanced Technologies under the Ministry of Innovative Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9245-6747.