Vestnik КRAUNC. Fiz.-Mat. nauki. 2024. vol. 46. no. 1. P. 165-172. ISSN 2079-6641

Research Article
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MSC 86A10

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Results of an Experiment on Joint Lidar and Balloon Sounding of the Troposphere and Stratosphere

V. N. Marichev^\ast¹, V. A. Yushkov², N. V. Balugin², D. A. Bochkovsky^\ast¹

¹V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS (IAO SB RAS), 634055, Tomsk, 1, Academician Zuev square, Russia
²Federal State Budgetary Institution Central Aerological Observatory of Roshydromet, 141701, Moscow region, Dolgoprudny, st. Pervomaiskaya, 3, Russia

Abstract. The current problem of climate change requires studying changes in the composition and properties of the atmosphere, affecting its radiation balance. Obtaining knowledge in this direction is possible through regular measurements of climate-forming components and atmospheric characteristics and their subsequent analysis. There are contact and remote methods and means of sensing the atmosphere at its different altitude levels, including aerological, aircraft, satellite, lidar and rocket. This paper proposes a technology for monitoring the aerosol component based on remote (lidar) and contact (aerological) optical sounding. The results of simultaneous remote (lidar) and direct (sonde) measurements of the vertical distribution of aerosol loading in the troposphere and stratosphere, carried out on January 27-30, 2022 and March 15-16, 2023 in Tomsk, are presented. The purpose of the experiment was to conduct joint lidarballoon measurements and validate aerosol backscatter profiles in the upper troposphere and stratosphere to create an all-weather lidar-balloon monitoring system of spatiotemporal and microphysical characteristics of aerosol. Good agreement is demonstrated in the obtained vertical profiles of the value of the backscatter ratio R(H) for close wavelengths (528 and 532 nm for the aerosol backscatter sonde and lidar, respectively). To restore the microphysical parameters of an aerosol during joint lidar-balloon experiments, the possibility of expanding 2-wave (355 and 532 nm) lidar measurements with an additional set of wavelengths (470, 850, 940 nm) using an optical balloon aerosol sonde was shown.

Key words: stratospheric aerosol, atmospheric temperature, lidar, aerosol sonde, multi-wavelength sounding.

Received: 29.12.2023; Revised: 27.02.2024; Accepted: 28.02.2024; First online: 07.03.2024

For citation. Marichev V. N., Yushkov V. A., Balugin N. V., Bochkovsky D. A. Results of an experiment on joint lidar and balloon sounding of the troposphere and stratosphere. Vestnik KRAUNC. Fiz.-mat. nauki. 2024, 46: 1, 165-172. EDN: GLHXST.

Funding. The modernization of research instruments — the lidar complex was carried out with the support of a state task project from the IAO SB RAS, and experimental research and data acquisition were supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation No. 23-27-00057, 27-00057.

Competing interests. There are no conflicts of interest regarding authorship and publication.

Contribution and Responsibility. All authors contributed to this article. Authors are solely responsible for providing the final version of the article in print. The final version of the manuscript was approved by all authors.

^\ast Correspondence: E-mail:,

The content is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

© Marichev V. N., Yushkov V. A., Balugin N. V., Bochkovsky D. A., 2024

© Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation, 2024 (original layout, design, compilation)


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Information about authors

Marichev Valeriy Nikolaevich – D. Sci. (Phys & Math.), Profeesor, Main Staff Scientist, V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS (IAO SB RAS), Tomsk, Russia, ORCID 0000-0002-7367-6605.

Yushkov Vladimir Alexandrovich – Ph. D. (Phys & Math.), Leading Researcher, Head of Depart. Phys. of High Atmosph. Layers, Federal State Budgetary Institution Central Aerological Observatory of Roshydromet, Dolgoprudny, Russia, ORCID 0009-0004-7251-8367.

Balugin Nikolay Vladimirovich – Chief specialist, Federal State Budgetary Institution Central Aerological Observatory of Roshydromet, Dolgoprudny, Russia, ORCID 0009-0001-8029-8331.

Bochkovskiy Dmitriy Andreevich – Ph. D. (Tech.), Staff Scientist, V. E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS (IAO SB RAS), Tomsk, Russia, ORCID 0000-0002-9127-2065.